Samothraki or Samothrace is an island of northeastern Greece in the Aegean Sea, located south, off the west coast of Thrace and northeast of the island of Limnos. Relatively mid-sized, it covers a total land area of about 181 square kilometers (70 suare miles). Samothraki is also the name of the main town of the island with a population of 2,871. Its land is mountainous, rising to 1,600m (5,249ft) at mount Fengari. From there, according to the Iliad, an epic poem by the Greek poet Homer, Poseidon, the Greek mythological god of the sea, watched the battles around Troy during the Trojan War.

In ancient times, before the arrival of the Greeks, Samothraki was the center of the religious cult of the Cabiri. The island was occupied by the Ottoman Turks from 1457 until it was liberated by Greece in 1912.

On of the most significant of Hellenistic statues, the Nike (Victory) of Samothrace was stolen by the French after its discovery in 1863 in a nearby shrine. The current location of the Nike, a figure of a winged woman, is in the Louvre, Paris, France. According to the French, it is a "safe" place for it.

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